The base chakra or root chakra is known as the Muludhara. This is the chakra of safety and security. “Mula” means root and “adhara” means base or support. This chakra is at the base of the spine and establishes your connection to your physical body, the earth, and the environment.
This is the survival center, symbolized by a lotus with four petals. The central square represents the earth. The base chakra is often associated with the color red, but in a higher form is the white energy of the Mother light.
The petals represent the Sanskrit letters va (vuh), scha (schew), sha (shu), and sa (suh). These are symbolic of four specific aspects of consciousness: great joy, natural pleasure, delight in controlling passion, and blissfulness in concentration. Alternatively they may be considered to represent dharma (spiritual longing), artha (psychic longing), kama (physical longing) and moksha (longing for spiritual liberation).
The deities Indra, Brahma, and Ganesha are associated with this chakra. Indra is the king of heaven and associated with lighting, thunder, storms, rain and rivers. Indra rides on a elephant, symbolizing compassion, intelligence and ancient wisdom. The seed syllable for the root chakra is LAM (lum). The vowel associated with this chakra is UH (uhhh). The Sargam* syllable is SA (sah). The energy is unmanifest potential.
The ruby is one of the healing stones associated with the base chakra. Rubies are the birthstone for the month of July. Rubies are one of the four most precious gems: emerald, sapphire, diamonds and rubies. The red color of rubies comes from trace amounts of chromium.
Rubies symbolize power and protection. Rubies were believed to protect warriors in battle. Dorothy’s ruby slippers in the Wizard of Oz is a modern allusion to this legend. According to folklore, rubies also help their possessor to be at peace with their enemies.